Best ESG Datasets, Databases & APIs

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ESG Data | Business Location Information, Foot Traffic, and Footprint Data for ESG Risk

by SafeGraph
SafeGraph POI data is used by a number of institutions as supplementary ESG data. ... Detailed business listing information about points of interest (POI) to be used for ESG risk data.
Available for 240 countries
11M POI (Points of Interest)
3 years of historical data
Starts at
$250 / purchase
Free sample available

GaiaLens ESG Scores: real-time (refreshed daily), covers c.17,000 global publicly traded companies

by GaiaLens
datasets, to ensure that all ESG-relevant data on around 17,000 public companies are gathered, measured ... create our ESG scores.
Available for 95 countries
17K companies
20 years of historical data
100% population
Starts at
$10,000 / purchase
Free sample available

DataSpark | ESG, Financial and Alternative Key Metrics for Investment Research 🌱

by DataSpark
A rich dataset of key ESG, Financial and Alternative data to gain an advanced 360° profile of US companies ... You will get access to a rich universe of financial, ESG and alternative data collected for each company
Available for 1 countries
Starts at
$399 / purchase

50 ESG themes GaiaLens News Data: real-time (refreshed daily), covers c.17,000 global publicly traded companies, tracks

by GaiaLens
We can offer the news data in two formats: 1) News flow: all news flow for our company coverage including ... We track around 50 ESG news topics including SASB themes and UN SDGs.
Available for 91 countries
17K companies
10 years of historical data
100% population
Starts at
$4,000 / purchase
Free sample available

GaiaLens People data: real-time (refreshed daily), covers c.17,000 publicly traded companies, 20 year

by GaiaLens
This is one capability of our powerful ESG Analytics platform. ... Matching this with compensation data from annual reports, we calculate gender and ethnicity pay gaps.
Available for 94 countries
17K companies
10 years of historical data
100% Daily Refresh
Starts at
$2,500 / purchase
Free sample available

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Data | Worldwide Public Companies ESG data | Datacie ESG

by Datacie
This dataset is built from all available data sources that contain ESG information on publicly listed ... This dataset is part of Datacie’s global ESG collection.
Available for 249 countries
4 years of historical data
Pricing available upon request
Free sample available

ESGAnalytics AI Gender Gap by Sector and Business

by ESG Analytics Ai
Cut through the buzzword bingo in ESG data! ... Our ESG Gender data goes down to the employee level.
Available for 140 countries
10 years of historical data
Pricing available upon request
Free sample available

Akadia - Standardized ESG Data & Core Fundamentals Data (200 indicators)

by Akadia
Detailed ESG and core fundamentals data standardized across a common template comprising about 200 data ... Detailed ESG and core fundamentals data standardized across a common template of over 200 data points
Available for 140 countries
200 Data Points
5 years of historical data
Available Pricing:
Yearly License

Impact Cubed Corporate ESG Factor Data for all listed companies (40,000+)

by Impact Cubed
Objective factor data on ESG, impact, and SDG alignment for integration into the investment process or ... • Data sourced inhouse by ESG experts based on company disclosures Use cases include: • Equity
Available for 249 countries
800K fixed income securities
9 years of historical data
Available Pricing:
Yearly License
Free sample available
revenue share

DataSpark SFDR ESG Portfolio Reporting | Complete Regulatory & Data Package 🌱

by DataSpark
of ESG data. ... A complete data and reporting service to make your portfolios fully compliant and get access to a universe
Available for 140 countries
Pricing available upon request - ISS ESG profile banner
Based in USA
ISS ESG is the responsible investment arm of Institutional Shareholder Services Inc., the world’s leading provider of environmental, social, and governance s... - Datacie profile banner
Based in Switzerland
Datacie is an AI company specializing in extracting precise data points from unstructured data sources, crafting traditional & alternative datasets tailored ... - DataSpark profile banner
Based in Italy
We design and offer NextGen Data, Cloud and Bespoke solutions to investors, financial institutions, organizations, and global corporations to empower investm... - Sustainable Platform profile banner
Sustainable Platform
Based in Australia
Sustainable Platform
Sustainable Platform provides independent sustainability (SDG and ESG) data on companies. The SP database was independently recognised as a "Great Resource" ...
SDG Impact
Fund Marketing
Sust. Risk
Enhanced Returns
CO2 Risk
Regulatory Requirements - Akadia profile banner
Based in USA
Akadia is a provider of high-quality Environmental, Social and Governance data to companies that empower financial institutions with their ESG products, rati...
High-Quality Metrics
Market Cap Covered
Per Error Quality Reward - ESG Analytics Ai profile banner
ESG Analytics Ai
Based in USA
ESG Analytics Ai
ESGAnalytics.Ai is a provider of extensive ESG data collections as well as composite materiality scores in ESG. Our customers use this insight to make better...
Observational ESG Metrics
Peer Reviewed Publications
Public Companies

The Ultimate Guide to ESG Data 2022

Learn about esg data analytics, sources, and collection.

Read more about what changed in the ESG data in 2022.

To predict the long-term performance and growth of a company investors have begun to consider its environmental, social, and governmental strategies. The performance of a company is becoming increasingly dependent on its non-financial operations. Consequently, the demand for ESG data has increased among data providers, potential investors, and companies, and more people are looking for ESG data sourcing solutions.

To make an informed decision about the correct data it is important to gain an insight into what ESG data is, how it can be sourced, and how it can be used. Our Ultimate Guide to ESG Data will provide you with all the information you need so that you are empowered to purchase and make use of the right ESG data for you.

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What does ESG stand for?

ESG criteria are the environmental criteria, social criteria, and governance criteria used to assess overall company performance. The ESG criteria look beyond the financial success of a company and instead assess how sustainably and ethically a business is being run. Analysis of the non-financial operations of a company can determine whether an organization will be successful in the long-term.

How is the Environmental criteria within ESG measured?

Within ESG, the environmental criteria are measured against how well a company upholds regulations that protect the environment. Environmental criteria consider whether a particular company poses any potential threat to the environment and whether the company in question is equipped in a way that allows it to deal with any potential environmental risks.

How is the Social criteria within ESG measured?

Within ESG, the social criteria are based on how a company treats its employees, customers, vendors, and the attention it pays to the local and wider communities it is based in.

How is the Governance criteria within ESG measured?

Within ESG, governance criteria are measured according to the distribution of decision-making processes across company stakeholders. The governance criteria relate to company accounting methods, tax audits, its shareholder rights, the salaries of its top-level executives, as well as the controls it places on these internal policies. Government regulations set the foundation for these criteria, but it is ESG providers who evaluate a company’s adherence to the regulations set by a particular government.

Overall, how is ESG measured and why is this so important?

ESG data providers measure a company against their checklist to calculate an overall ESG rating for the company. The ESG score of a company and its adherence to environmental, social, and governmental criteria is important as it assesses the potential growth of a company and the company’s ability to do business in the long-run. The ESG score can inform investors, allowing them to decide whether they wish to put money into a particular company.

Why are ESG scores important for companies?

The ESG score of a company is often integral to its ability to continue operating and attractiveness to investors.

How can a good ESG score positively impact a company?

A high ESG score means companies are in a good position to anticipate the potential risks within business operations, with access to ESG datasets allowing companies to recognize the operational changes which could be made in order to support the long-term sustainability of a company.

How can a poor ESG rating negatively impact a company?

A poor ESG company rating can spell disaster for even the most financially successful of organizations. The impact of a poor score often damages a company’s brand, reputation and stock price.

Negative Brand Impact
A poor ESG rating can act in opposition to a company’s brand. A poor ESG rating can contradict a company’s marketing efforts, deter potential customers and investors while also causing them to lose existing clients. To counteract this, many companies are now publicly displaying their virtues in an effort to bolster their ESG score. For example, the investment bank Goldman Sachs recently stated that they will not take any company public unless it has at least one diverse board member. Efforts like this show how companies can be encouraged to improve their ESG score to create a positive, consumer-friendly brand.

Reputation Damage
Similar to how a poor ESG rating can impact branding and deter potential investors from putting money into an organization, the global reputation of a company is also often impacted by its ESG score. Thanks to social media and the internet, the world is more connected than ever before. News, especially when it’s negative, spreads fast. For example, in 2015, ESG data companies raised several concerns regarding the car manufacturer Volkswagen’s ESG ratings. ESG data alleged issues with its governance structure and several months later, the Dieselgate scandal proved these allegations right and consequently left a permanent scar on Volkswagen’s public reputation.

Stock Price Decrease
A negative brand image and a poor company reputation have tended to be signals for a decrease in the stock price of a company. However, more investors are now considering the straight ESG score of a company when deciding how to invest. In line with current progressive culture, younger investors are more heavily influenced by a company’s ESG score, and these investors are much more likely to hold a company responsible for ESG violations. It is already possible for these younger investors to have an impact on companies alleged to have violated ESG standards. If current trends continue, these investors will gain even more influence and the ESG score of a company may become even more of a deciding factor for the value of a company’s stock.

Case Study: Facebook

Facebook’s a great example of what can happen because of a poor ESG score. In mid 2019, the social media giant was repeatedly accused of collecting and sharing user information without having acquired proper consent. As a result, Facebook was removed from a list of socially responsible companies from S&P’s index. This affected not only the company’s reputation, but also its stock price, and it may be a factor as to why the site is no longer growing like it once did.
As Facebook’s example shows, no company is above ESG criteria. Neglecting the need for improvement in gender equality, working conditions and the prevention in climate change is no longer an option, and failing to consider ESG as a vital part of your company strategy will only leave you with less investors and a damaged reputation both in the short and long term.

What is ESG Data?

ESG data provides information on the environmental, social, and governance factors of a company and is consequently used to measure how ethically viable and sustainable company operations are. This information is often collected and supplied by data providers and can be used to determine how responsible investing in a particular company is. This is known as ‘responsible investing’.

What is Responsible Investing (RI)?

Responsible investment occurs within an ethical and environmentally sustainable framework. There are different forms of responsible investment, and some of these include:

1) Ethical Investment
ESG data can determine whether a company is engaging in practices which the investor deems unethical. These unethical practices could include business transactions involving tobacco, alcohol, pornography, trade with a particular company, or even involvement with certain weapons. Controversial weapon research data can help create datasets providing further insight into a companies involvement with weapons. Knowing a company’s ethical practices can help investors make decisions on whether or not they wish to support a particular company.

2) Socially Responsible Investment (SRI)
Socially responsible investment involves investments in companies that have previously supported communities around them and seek to invest in community services and boost the overall community socioeconomic standpoint.

4) 3) Sustainable Investment
Sustainable investment supports companies that protect human rights and seek to achieve their goals through environmentally viable means, as opposed to companies that, say, rely heavily on fossil fuels. By investing in ESG data, applying responsible investment strategies, and using effective data analysis, the risk of trusting companies engaging in unsustainable practices which will limit future financial growth is minimized.

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What are the attributes of ESG Data?

For a general understanding of data attributes, ESG datasets can be broken down into three categories:

Environmental Attributes

The environmental attributes of ESG databases are points that measure a company’s impact on the environment. This includes its waste disposal, sustainability of resources, and energy sources. Environmental attributes measure how the practices of a particular company impact the environment, while also raising questions about how a company intends to preserve the natural world. Since the Paris Agreement of 2020 set out the plan to reduce the 1990 greenhouse gas emission levels by at least 55% by 2030 across the EU, there has been an increased emphasis on the sustainability of individual companies and how they intend to contribute to cutting these greenhouse emissions - in other words, an increased emphasis on ESG. Environmental attributes consider the sustainability of a company’s resources and energy sources, while also considering how a company contributes to pollution and waste. These considerations can be be carried out by asking the following example questions:

Does a company use sustainable resources and energy sources?
The amount of greenhouse gases e.g. carbon dioxide and methane that a company produces can be tracked and recorded. The worse the greenhouse pollution, the lower the ESG score. However, if companies move away from the use of fossil fuels, adopt a more eco-friendly approach and increase the percentage of power generated through the use of renewable energy, a company’s ESG score can improve.

Does a company produce greenhouse gases?
The amount of greenhouse gases, like carbon dioxide and methane, that a company produces can be tracked and recorded. The more greenhouse pollution created by a company, the lower its ESG score.

Carbon Reserves
Companies that are heavily invested in exploiting carbon-based resources like coal, oil, and gas tend to be penalized in ESG scoring, as it is difficult to sustainably acquire and process these resources.

How much water does a company use and how is it sourced?
The amount of water used and polluted by a company can also affect its ESG score. One example of this is the Nestlé boycott that began in 1977 and lasted into the next decade, which came about as a result of Nestlé encouraging mothers in African villages to use their baby formula instead of breastfeeding, a formula which, when mixed with the impure water sources in those villages, caused disease and death amongst multiple infants.

Renewable Energy Usage
Positive steps taken by companies to become more eco-friendly, like purchasing a percentage of their power from renewable energy sources, can have a positive impact on the company’s ESG score.

What are the Social Attributes of a company?

The social side of ESG data gives insights into data surrounding human capital, labor standards, privacy, data security, and stakeholder opposition of a company. The social attributes of ESG data considers the business relationships of a company, providing an insight into data concerning company employees, customers and the wider communities in which a company is based.

Company Diversity
The diversity within a company also impacts its ESG data score. Recent studies have suggested that there is a strong connection between the level of diversity and financial prosperity within a company. Wider diversity within a company can help drive innovation and is consequently considered a primary indicator of a company’s overall health and ESG data score. Having a non-discriminatory and racially diverse organization is often a goal of a company. As companies become more global, ensuring work opportunities are available for a diverse range of individuals is becoming increasingly important. Equally, it is no secret that more companies are seeking to achieve a gender balance across their organizations. The ratio of male to female, and the inclusion of non-binary employees, has been an important factor in many office’s decision-making processes and companies often strive for equitable hiring practices to manage this.

However, across a number of sectors, there is a staggering lack of diversity across its employees. This is especially the case when considering those in high level positions. A study found that globally, in [2020 only 9% of CEOs were female ( There’s still a lot of work to do, and improvements to be made - which is why it’s so important that more and more companies understand the importance of ESG and how to integrate it into their business model.

Human Rights
As well as company diversity, the social attributes of a company’s ESG dataset is determined by an organization’s consideration for human rights. One way a company’s social attributes can be assessed is through the consideration of an organization’s Employee Turnover Rate - in other words, how long employees stay with a company and their overall satisfaction rate, which can give an indication of how the company treats its employees. Beyond this internal scope, a company’s attitude towards human rights can also be measured by how it treats and impacts the wider communities in which it is based.

What are the Governance Attributes of ESG?

The governance attributes within ESG data consider a company’s actions surrounding the distribution of the decision-making processes, taking into account corruption, business ethics, a company’s board and management structure, and its employee relationships, including employee payments and compensation strategies. Here’s a breakdown:

Structure of Management
The Structure of Management considers the balance of power between a company’s COs and Board of Directors, and the internal set of protocols that exist for both those individuals and all employees.

Improving Employee Relationships
In establishing a fair recruiting process that incorporates diversity, establishing values and policies that create a safe workplace is crucial. The Fortune 100 best companies to work for has become a coveted list for employers, as it drives the hiring of valuable talent which in turn impacts the growth of the company. This also considers the ability of workers to have representation or a union.

Compensation of Top Executives
The remuneration and bonus packages of board members and top management employees have recently become a point of scrutiny by shareholders and equity investors.

Fair Compensation of Employees
Employers are also liable to pay the employees a considerable amount pertaining to their designation. All major companies practice minimum wage standards. Actively working to close the wage disparity between genders is another important benchmark.

Pay equity audits are available for auditing and they are in many cases made available to the public forums, which open up the ethics of the company to be questioned by investors.

Who is using ESG Data?

Investors and hedgefunds use ESG data as a non-financial form of data to inform their decisions surrounding which companies to invest in. More investors are looking to ensure they are engaging in Responsible Investment (RI). ESG datasets highlight which companies are safe to invest in, while also revealing which companies are carrying out high-risk business operations and transactions.

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Investors can use ESG data to assess the sustainability and ethical standards of a company, and even compare that company’s performance to that of its peers, helping them make more informed investment decisions.

Corporates themselves can also make use of company ESG data scores to influence their own business operations, and studies suggest this can also directly benefit leadership teams, providing direction and ultimately increasing performance and revenue.

The key takeaway from all this, then, is that anyone interested in staying up to date in the business world should know about and be using ESG data to inform their decisions.

How can I use ESG Data?

ESG data can be used to evaluate companies’ business practices and influence investment decisions. Not all companies will score highly across each data attribute. However, access to ESG datasets allows companies to carry out data analysis and provides investors with the power to make decisions about what is important to them, giving them the information they need to help them avoid socially or financially risky investments. This can help investors avoid socially or financially risky investments and can help companies improve their public image.

In the case of investors, ESG intelligence can feed algorithms that analyze companies and predict the stock market, which can then inform investment decisions. ESG data is widely used when investing in public equity assets, and recently, other assets have also begun to incorporate it.

With regard to companies, ESG data is important because the right understanding and use of it can make or break a company’s image. Recall the case of Facebook mentioned above. The company was removed from an S&P index tracking socially responsible companies, which dented its public image, deterred investors and subsequently had a negative impact on its stock prices.

Understanding a company via ESG

ESG scores can help investors recognize how environmentally viable, humanitarian and ethical a company is.
The environmental impact of a company includes a lot of factors. The energy usage, conservation or destruction of natural resources, humane treatment of animals, amount of waste generation and contribution to pollution all guide the environmental criteria.

It can also include the chances of the company facing any environmental risks, and in such an event, how the company would manage such a risk. Such scenarios may include the disposal of toxic waste, compliance levels according to government regulations, if the company owns any contaminated land or if there are hazardous emissions from the factories.

The social impact of a company includes the professional relationships between the company and its stakeholders. Does the company treat the vendors in accordance with their company values? Do they partake in any corporate social responsibilities by supporting the communities in which they are based through donations to charitable organizations or through volunteer work? Does the company value the morale, safety, and health of the employees? Does the company work in the interest of the stakeholders?

With respect to the governance of the company, investors want to understand if the company operates in ethical ways, if they use correct accounting policies, and if the stockholders are privy to important decisions related to the company.

They also want the board members to be free from any situations that can create a conflict of interest. An example of this could be the company employing illegal practices and using bribes or other political contributions to do unlawful favors for third party entities. As part of determining the sustainable and ethical governance attributes of a company, ESG datasets can also allow investors to assess the governance operations of a company. ESG datasets, say, detailing a company’s involvement with controversial weapons can provide information about direct or indirect company connection to illegal or controversial biological, chemical, incendiary, white phosphorus and nuclear weapons through a traffic light category system.

It is unlikely that a company will pass every criterion in these three categories. Here, ESG ratings allow investors to decide what is important for them. Every investment firm sets priorities when they decide to follow the ESG criteria.

What are the global implications of ESG data?

ESG data and the importance of the non-financial attributes of a company’s practice is something investors have become increasingly aware of. Rather than simply focusing on immediate revenue, investors are becoming increasingly concerned with how the environmental, social and governance elements of a company impact an organization’s sustainability and determine whether it is a company they wish to invest in.

Many leaders are taking positive steps to ensure their work meets ESG guidelines and they have a long-lasting sustainability program. It has reached a point that soon market leaders will be held responsible for the firm’s ESG performance by the concerned shareholders. And with the Facebook backlash being only the tip of the iceberg, we have already started seeing the investors jump into action.

Cyrus Taraporevala, president and CEO of State Street Global Advisors, noted that “ESG issues have become much more important for us as long-term investors. We seek to analyze material issues such as climate risk, board quality, or cybersecurity in terms of how they impact financial value in a positive or a negative way. That’s the integrative approach we are increasingly taking for all of our investments.”

Here are the statistics that back up the data that investment firms are prioritizing ESG. In 2006, sixty-three investment firms who own hold around 7 billion dollars in assets, willingly signed a pledge with the Principle for Responsible PRI (Which is a movement backed by the United Nations) to hold ESG issues at high regards in terms with the decisions made on an investment. In 2018 the number closed to 1715 firms.

The data suggests more than half of the world’s asset owners have implemented ESG evaluations in their firm operation guidelines.

Although, there are still business owners who do not know about ESG or choose to ignore it as a passing social motion wave. A study conducted in Merrill Lynch disclosed that half of the United States executives had no idea that firms which employ sustainable strategy guidelines hold around 25% shares in the company. The highest number that came up in the study was 5%.

It’s still a new thing…

The general impression amongst global business leaders is that ESG is not mainstream enough to be affecting the judgment of investors.

So, even though the companies recognize their role in factors pertaining to key global issues like gender inequality at the workplace, call for fair governance and a fair wage, or global warming, many of them also believe that a sustainability agenda goes against the profits that the shareholders are concerned about.

Therefore, actually implenting ESG best practices and tweeting socially acceptable literature are two very different things for these organizations.

The good news is that this perception is quickly becoming outdated. According to recent interviews conducted with the biggest firms across the world (State Street, BlackRock, the Japan Government pension fund, Sweden, California Public Retirement System, etc.), the general consensus is that the leaders place a high importance on ESG. The ESG guidelines help investors select outliers in the industry and choose companies that value the same things as them.

Take the example of Trillium Asset Management, a Boston-based firm with a net asset of $2.5 billion that employs a chosen selection of ESG factors that position the company for long term performance. The company avoids investing in any other companies that have known association with coal mining or have more than 5% of their revenue coming in from weapons selling or nuclear power, and refuse to invest in companies that employ unethical workplace practices such as discrimination in the workplace, animal rights violations, and imbalanced governance structures.

How to find the best ESG data providers?

When determining the top market ESG data, there are a few things to consider. We see most investors stressing comparability and consistency in the data that is available in the market to construct an effective set of data based on which to score companies.

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The backbone of ESG analysis is quality data, and there is no better place to get this valuable information than from top market providers.

However, a combination of a lack of standardization and a large amount of red tape and protocols makes finding the top providers difficult.

The providers’ job isn’t any easier. To begin with, ESG sustainability reporting is not yet mandatory in all countries. Therefore, most companies are free to decide which ESG factors are considered where it impacts the performance of the business. As a result, they can disclose selective data to the public, making the data biased.

This lack of consistent and reliable information is a challenge that governments, investors, companies, and the judging public have to face.
ESG data providers are crucial in bridging the gap at this stage. They collect and evaluate information related to a company’s ESG practice and then rate these companies on various relevant factors.

The company rating methodology seems to have awakened the interest and faith in ESG investing, as many see the ratings to be an option to conducting their own ESG research - luckily for us, there are literally hundreds of vendors out there. Many of them are ESG exclusive. The exclusive ESG data providers have much more in common when reporting on ESG factors as they tend to operate on a similar rating methodology.

Along with that, there is an issue in relying only on any single provider due to the limitations. This is something you should keep in mind while making investment decisions.

What are the sources of ESG data?

ESG data comes from sources related to monitoring companies which includes annual company reports, government reports, news reports, and social media posts. The majority of ESG data comes from self-reported data however, can also be sourced from third-parties and real-time ESG data signals.

Self-Reported ESG Data:

  • Company Websites
  • Annual, ESG, and Proxy Reports

Third Party ESG Statistics:

  • NGO/Government Reports,
  • Government Websites

Real-Time ESG Signals:

  • News
  • Social Media
  • Company Reviews

How is ESG rating data collected?

Every ESG data provider has its own process of researching, collecting, handling, and rating methods. This is why the rating for one company can vary from one ESG provider to another.

Whether it’s by scraping company websites or social media, data providers transform and aggregate this data collected from numerous sources into clean digestible records of information, therefore they are becoming a new power player in the world of finance.

Data providers use these regulations to create their own guidelines and criteria which they then measure the company against to calculate its ESG score.

Trusting the ESG scoring provided by vendors, investors are complying with their rating systems.

These are the 3 main factors affecting the ratings:

Estimation and Data Acquisition
There is a huge difference between the ways ESG data providers collect data about companies. Every firm has data that is publicly disclosed and can be collected using traditional techniques of sourcing information.

Then, there is the unreported data, which is where the statistical model analysis of ESG providers come into play.

The models are created by data collected from similar companies and observing market trends which are considered benchmarks of the industry. These are judgment calls that data providers make when working through data acquisition for rating.

There are various factors that are material to the financial performance of a company. This section deals with that part of ESG scoring. The importance of materiality is undeniable and has been established through academic studies.

As the ESG data providers have their own proprietary rating system, they make up their own determinations that support the issues related to materiality. This is where the lack of transparency comes to play, as ESG companies rarely reveal how they arrived at these determinations.

This creates a barrier in the selection process of an ESG data provider for the managers of a company.

Weighting and Aggregate
Weighting and aggregate are also incorporated into ESG rating by proprietary algorithms. They factor in the score summary but there is no set determination of these processes.

How can I assess the quality of ESG data?

Assessing the quality of ESG data comes down to three key points: ensuring the sources are trust-worthy, ensuring the sources are diverse, and ensuring the sources are up to date.
In order to attain reliable and accurate data, you should make sure to only purchase ESG data from trustworthy, proven sources, such as government websites and company reports.

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However, vendors collecting data only from company websites and internal reports can be highly biased. Check that the data is also covered by third party sources and that the vendor is drawing from multiple sources..

Finally, assure that the provider maintains the update frequency of their data. In fact, providers offering high update frequencies often tend to collect data from various sources, like financial news reports, company reviews, and social media, which also contributes to making the data less one-sided.

For data buyers, judging the quality of ESG data is a difficult job because the metrics guiding ESG ratings can get highly contextual and be completely different in each case. There is no standardized method to how ESG data should be measured or reported, and each provider uses their own benchmarks.

What are the challenges with ESG scores?

Judging the quality of ESG data is a difficult job due to the lack of standardization. In addition, each ESG dataset provider uses their own benchmarks and consequently the metrics guiding ESG ratings can be highly contextual and different. The major points surrounding the persisting challenges across ESG data collection are summarized below:

  • The local level impacts of the ESG attributes cannot be measured at the granular level.
  • It can help to link ESG data with the fiscal performance of a company, though direct causation often cannot be drawn.
  • Data updates from the companies happen in inconsistent frequencies and at large intervals.
  • The data reported by companies can be biased. Therefore, methodologies employed by ESG companies tend to vary wide
  • The lack of standardization between the methods and source of data used by various data providers when rating companies,

How can I overcome these challenges?

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Despite these challenges, ESG data providers can help and are crucial in bridging the gap and eradicating inconsistent and biased ESG datasets. They collect and evaluate information related to a company’s ESG practice and then rate these companies on various relevant factors. Data providers that specialize in collecting and processing ESG data tend to be more similar in terms of rating as they employ similar methodologies. In addition to that, investors must not rely on a single ESG provider to rate a company based on all the aspects.

Instead, the ratings should be combined and taken as a guiding factor in deciding the rating of a company. This tends to produce a much better understanding of ESG operations of a company.

How will ESG benefit your company overall?

ESG data is invaluable for providing investors with the means to carry out data analysis and establish a particular company’s sustainability. The ESG scores of a company allow investors to identify which companies consider the sustainability of their non-financial operations, helping to raise any red flags which may be detrimental to financial revenue in the long-term.

Environmental, social and governance criteria across different countries continues to determine how businesses are expected to operate in the long-term. It is through the rise in ESG that businesses are increasingly being held accountable for decisions which focus exclusively on financial gain and neglect the long-term non-financial implications of business operations. Poor ESG scores can negatively impact the reputation of a company, resulting in the eventual decline of stock price. Having access to this ESG data makes for an informed long-term investment decision, and through the implementation of Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies, the precision of ESG scoring systems will continue to increase.

How is ESG data priced?

The cost of subscription amongst various data companies is largely unknown at this point because the providers do not disclose this information on their websites. Firms can get in touch with them directly and purchase monthly subscriptions like other services.

The factors that determine the pricing of ESG services include industry, scale, number of employees, manufacturing units, countries the country is working in, etc. However, firms can use data company platforms to get in touch with ESG data providers directly for more information about services and monthly data subscriptions, and there also a number of government websites which can provide investors with basic ESG information.


ESG data is invaluable to the value analysis of a company, and it will continue to provide investors with valuable insights on the sustainability of a company. It will alert investors to red flags associated with any company’s portfolio.

The social, climate and other factors continue to determine how businesses should operate in the future. Businesses are going to be held responsible for the choices made instead of financial interests when a long term impact has been neglected in favor of capitalizing on shorter-term financial success.

ESG data providers are new in the market and a lot of ESG as a whole is veiled under a shroud of speculation. However, with the implementation of newer technologies like artificial intelligence, the ESG scoring system will continue to get much more accurate than it is today.

The methodologies of these companies might remain hidden due to proprietary reasons, but the findings will begin coinciding with each other because machine learning has the capability of analyzing billions of data points to formulate the ratings, which is not an advantage analyst driven analytics alone can provide.

The right choice for investors is not to be tangled in the financial, social and governance methodologies, but to understand the scoring from various data providers. More specifically, data providers who specialize in ESG data and employ data acquisition from various balanced sources to ensure a much stable and reliable rating.

Finding the right ESG data

So there you have it - a comprehensive guide covering all you need to know about ESG data, from its definition and importance, to the top providers and its use cases.

To take the next step in finding the right ESG data for you by checking out the Datarade ESG providers page to see which providers can give you the ESG data products that you’re looking for. Datarade has assembled the top ESG data providers from around the world to give you all the choice you need when finding the data that will drive you results.

Where can I buy ESG Data?

Data providers and vendors listed on Datarade sell ESG Data products and samples. Popular ESG Data products and datasets available on our platform are ESG Data | Business Location Information, Foot Traffic, and Footprint Data for ESG Risk by SafeGraph, GaiaLens ESG Scores: real-time (refreshed daily), covers c.17,000 global publicly traded companies by GaiaLens, and DataSpark | ESG, Financial and Alternative Key Metrics for Investment Research 🌱 by DataSpark.

How can I get ESG Data?

You can get ESG Data via a range of delivery methods - the right one for you depends on your use case. For example, historical ESG Data is usually available to download in bulk and delivered using an S3 bucket. On the other hand, if your use case is time-critical, you can buy real-time ESG Data APIs, feeds and streams to download the most up-to-date intelligence.

What are similar data types to ESG Data?

ESG Data is similar to Stock Market Data, Alternative Data, Merger & Acquisition Data, Proprietary Market Data, and Commodity Data. These data categories are commonly used for Investing and Risk Management.

What are the most common use cases for ESG Data?

The top use cases for ESG Data are Investing, Risk Management, and ESG Investing.

Translations for this page

Datos ESG (ES)